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Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography: Early Life, Political Career, Achievements, Personal Life & More facts.



Born: 2 October 1904

Place of Birth: Mughalsarai, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Parents: Sharada Prasad Shrivastava (Father) and Ramdulari Devi (Mother}

Wife: Lalita Devi

Children: Kusum, Hari Krishna, Suman, Anil, Sunil and Ashok

Education: Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi

Political Association: Indian National Congress

Movement: Indian Independence Movement

Political Ideology: Nationalist; Liberal; Right-wing

Religious views: Hinduism

Passed Away: 11 January 1966

Memorial: Vijay Ghat, New Delhi

Lal Bahadur Shastri, a name that resonates with the ideals of simplicity, humility, and unwavering dedication to the service of the nation, was one of India’s most prominent leaders. Born on October 2, 1904, in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh, he rose from humble beginnings to become the second Prime Minister of India. This article delves into the remarkable life and achievements of this iconic leader.


Early Life and Education

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born into a family of modest means. His father, Sharada Prasad Shrivastava, was a school teacher, and his mother, Ramdulari Devi, instilled in him a strong sense of honesty and ethics. Young Lal Bahadur was deeply influenced by the freedom struggle and was inspired by the speeches of Mahatma Gandhi, which eventually led him to join the Indian independence movement.

Shastri completed his education at Kashi Vidyapeeth and later graduated from the University of Allahabad with a degree in philosophy and ethics. His journey from a small town to the corridors of power in Delhi was a testament to his determination and unwavering commitment to the nation.

Political Career

Shastri’s political career began with his active involvement in the freedom movement. He participated in various agitations and protests against British colonial rule. His simplicity and dedication to the cause made him a respected figure within the Indian National Congress.

After India gained independence in 1947, Shastri held various ministerial positions in the government of independent India. His true mettle, however, was tested during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 when he was serving as the Prime Minister.


1. Green Revolution: One of Shastri’s most significant contributions to India’s development was the promotion of the Green Revolution. Under his leadership, India achieved self-sufficiency in food production through the modernization of agriculture.

2. The Tashkent Agreement: Shastri’s diplomacy skills were put to the test during the 1965 war with Pakistan. He signed the Tashkent Agreement with Pakistani President Ayub Khan in 1966, which marked the end of hostilities between the two nations and earned him international recognition as a peacemaker.

3. Promoting the White Revolution: Shastri also played a pivotal role in the White Revolution, an initiative to increase milk production in India. His call of “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” (Hail the Soldier, Hail the Farmer) remains an enduring slogan of his commitment to both the armed forces and farmers.

Awards and Recognition

Lal Bahadur Shastri’s dedication to the nation and his contributions to Indian society earned him several awards and honors, both during his lifetime and posthumously. In 1966, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, for his exceptional leadership during challenging times.

Personal Life

Despite his busy political life, Shastri was a family man who held his personal values close to his heart. He was married to Lalita Devi, and the couple had six children. His personal simplicity was a reflection of his political ideology, and he lived a frugal life even as the Prime Minister of India.

Legacy and Death

Tragically, Lal Bahadur Shastri’s life was cut short at the age of 61 when he passed away on January 11, 1966, in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, soon after signing the Tashkent Agreement. His sudden death remains the subject of speculation and conspiracy theories, but his legacy continues to inspire generations of Indians.

Lal Bahadur Shastri’s legacy is marked by his unwavering commitment to the nation, simplicity, and humility. His leadership during critical moments in India’s history has left an indelible mark on the country’s collective memory.


In conclusion, Lal Bahadur Shastri was a leader par excellence, a man of integrity, and a symbol of India’s indomitable spirit. His life and legacy serve as a reminder of the values of simplicity, honesty, and dedication to the nation. His contributions to the Green Revolution and the promotion of peace with Pakistan are etched in India’s history books. As we remember him on his birth anniversary, let us draw inspiration from his life and strive to uphold the principles he stood for, making India a better nation for all.

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